UNICEF Nepal partnered with iDE Nepal in support of the Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan (SHMP) to develop a market-based approach for sanitation, in order to strengthen the sanitation supply chain and market improved toilets at competitive rates. The partnership began with a pilot phase from 2011 and continued until 2015 with the aim of scaling up sanitation marketing in 8 districts in the Terai region, a particularly challenging area with high rates of open defecation.
This light review was conducted to inform a potential future partnership, and aimed to answer the following questions:
* How is sanitation marketing alone (i.e. without traditional community triggering) contributing to the achievement of ODF communities?
* What were the main reasons for the shortfall to achieve ODF status and what needs to be changed in the approach to ensure future success?
* How did households in the lowest wealth quintile experience the sanitation marketing approach, and in what way(s) did they obtain their improved household toilet?
* How was handwashing with soap (HWWS) after toilet use integrated in the sanitation marketing approach?
* Is the use of sanitation marketing alone more cost effective than using the traditional community triggering approach followed by sanitation marketing?
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